SUSTAINABLE USES OF FOREST RESOURCES
A forest is a continuous growth of trees and undergrowth covering an extensive area of land. There are two main types of forests; Natural forest and planted forest
Natural forests are the types of the forests that develop without the input of human being while planted forests developed when human being planted trees on large pieces of land. Characteristics of Natural forests
Trees of different types grow together.
Most of the trees produce hardwood
Trees in these forests are indigenous to the area.
There is a dense/ thick undergrowth
Due to some factors such as climate and trees species, these forests can be subdivided into the following broad categories;
These are the forest found in the equatorial region. These trees are characterized by thick undergrowth and very tall trees which are indigenous and take a very long time to mature.
The types of trees are found along coastal lines, these trees have shallow roots and can tolerate the salty conditions of sea water.
These type of trees may be evergreen, or deciduous (trees that shed their leaves at the beginning of the cold seasons.
These are the types of the trees which are found in the outer most part of the hemisphere.
Characteristics of Planted trees
Trees are mainly planted with one species at the particular area
Trees may or may not be indigenous to the area they planted
Most of the trees produce softwoods.
Factors influencing the distribution of the forests
Importance of Forest Resources
They are sources of the valuable timber.
Trees are the sources of wood, fuel, and charcoal
Softwood trees can be used to make pulp which is used in papermaking.
Trees are the sources of the chemical substances.
Varieties of fruits and nuts are obtained from the forests.
Some trees are the source of the traditional medicine
Forest plays an important role in the environment through providing very clean air in the environment.
Major producers of Forest products
As much as forest exists on almost all the continent, they are not equally exploited for their products. Many countries exploit forest for timber products.
The following are the world leading countries in the use of Forest products