Tourism Industry
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Tourism Industry
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Tourism Industry

Tourism is the movement of people to the different place for the interest of leisure, business or education.
A person who travels to different places for leisure, business or education is called a Tourist.
Tourism can be categorized into two types; Domestic and International tourism.
Domestic Tourism
It is the movement of people to different places for leisure, business or education within the country, for example from Mtwara to Mwanza for tourism activities.
International Tourism
It is the movement of people from their home country to another country for leisure, education, and business, for example from Tanzania to South Africa, or from the USA to Tanzania.
Factors influencing the development of Tourism activities in the world
  • Tourism attractions, for example, pleasant climate, historical sites, and different culture.
  • Good transport and communication infrastructure, eg Railways, airways and roads.
  • Accommodations facilities such as hotels, motels, lodges, and guesthouses.
  • Peace and political stability
  • Marketing
  • Well trained manpower.
Importance of Tourism in the World
  • It is the source of employment
  • It is the source of foreign exchange
  • Improvement of infrastructures
  • Promoting the international relations
  • It is the source of government revenue
  • Conservation of wildlife and protection of historical sites
Impact of Tourism in the world
  1. Positive impacts
  • It led to significant creation of job opportunities
  • Development of infrastructure in countries that have tourism attractions
  • Tourism leads to diversifications of economies
  • It makes people together irrespective of their color, religion or nationalism
  • Tourism activities reduce the migration from rural to urban areas, people can migrate to the tourism attractions areas.
  • Tourism ensures conservation and protection of wildlife from different cultural practices.
  1. Negative Impacts
  • Tourism-led to the cultural conflicts and erosion of culture due to the interaction among different nations.
  • Moral decay has also occurred in some regions that are popular with tourists.
  • Child labor has also increased as a result of tourism activities.
  • Environmental degradation and destabilization of the ecosystem have occurred.
  • Many countries become highly dependent on tourism activities.
Ways of Addressing negative impacts of tourism activities
  • Policies and laws should be made to regulate the tourism activities
  • Tourists should be required to respect the culture of the people in the place they visit.
  • Countries and local communities should diversify their economies and sources of income.
  • To protect the environment from degradation.
  • There should be strict enforcement of laws to work with criminal activities such as child labor, drug abuse, and prostitution activities.
Tourism in Switzerland
Switzerland is located in the Central Europe, East of the France and North of Italy. the total area is 41290 square Km, Its terrain is mountainous with central plateaus of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes.
It has temperature climate consisting of cold snow in winter and warm humid in summer
During summer the area most visited are Swiss plateaus of Lausanne, Geneva, Bern, Zurich and lake shores
Factors favoring the development of Tourism in Switzerland
  • Geographical location
  • Beautiful scenery
  • Favorable climatic condition
  • Good transport infrastructure
  • accommodation
  • Good hospitality
  • Political stability and neutrality
  • Package tours
  • Centre of international meetings
  • Industrialization.
Tourism in Namibia
Namibia is located in Southern Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the west, South Africa to the South, Botswana to the East and Angola to the North.
Namibia has an area of 825418 square Km with terrain that is mostly highly plateauing with Namibia desert along the coast and the Kalahari Desert in the East.
Its climatic is desert which is hot and dry with sparse and rainfall.
Major tourist attractions in Namibia are; the cape cross, Seal reserve, The Caprin Game Park, Dean Viljoen Park, Namibia Park, Fish River, Canyon, Cross- Berman, hot spring resort.
Factors favoring the development of Tourism in Namibia
  • Numerous tourist attractions
  • Aggressive marketing
  • Strong tourism policy
  • Regional cooperation
Problem facing Tourism Industry in Namibia
  • Over emphasize on agriculture has delayed the development of tourism in the Country
  • There is strong competition to tourists between Namibia and other nearby countries such as Botswana.
  • Lack of adequately skilled personnel
Importance of Tourism in Namibia
  • Revenues obtained from Tourism Industry help in the development of infrastructure.
  • Namibia economy has improved due to the contribution of Tourism activities.
  • Tourism has enabled Namibia to develop better hospitals and schools and other social services such as water and electricity.
  • Namibian people are employed directly or indirectly in the Tourism sector.
  • Tourism ensures the preservation of Tourism attractions.

Tourism in Tanzania
Tanzania is located in the Eastern part of Africa bordered by The Indian Ocean at the East, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique at the South, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo at the West and Uganda and Kenya at the North part.
Tanzania has several tourist attractions such as;
  • At the Northern part of Tanzania, there are different tourist attractions such as  Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro conservation area, Arusha National Park, Mount Meru and Kilimanjaro and Lake Manyara National Park.
  • At the Southern part of Tanzania, there are Coastal beaches with white sands, Ancient Towns such as Kilwa and Bagamoyo, Mikumi National Park, Selous Game reserve and Mafia Island.
  • Other areas include Lake Rukwa, Katavi and Gombe National Parks, Lake Tanganyika, and Lake Victoria
Factors favoring the development of Tourism in Tanzania
  • Landscape of the Creator like Ngorongoro creator, Presence of beaches and coral reefs, The Great rift valley and mangrove forests.
  • Presence of wildlife such as lions and elephants
  • Prehistoric and archaeological sites such as Olduvai Gorge, Isimila in Iringa and Printings from Kondoa Irangi.
  • Conducive climatic condition
  • Peace and harmony
  • Hospitality of Tanzanian people
  • Government support for tourism activities
Importance of Tourism in Tanzania
  • It is the source of employment
  • It is the source of government revenue
  • It improved the standard of living among the people living nearby the tourist attractions.
  • Improved infrastructure
  • It is the market for the locally produced products.
  • It encourages environmental conservation
  • It strengthens international relations
  • It is the source of foreign exchange.
Problems facing tourism industry in Tanzania
  • Limited capital
  • Poor transport and communication infrastructure
  • Poor marketing
  • Lack of skilled personnel for facilitating tourism activities.
Ways of improving Tourism Industry in Tanzania
  • Improvement in marketing and publicity of Tanzania tourism attractions.
  • Promotion of domestic tourism
  • Training of people in order to get skilled people in tourism activities
  • Government to improve infrastructures especially to the places with tourism attractions
  • Improve security in the tourist areas to reduce crimes.
10-30-2017, 03:19 PM
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